The spotted owl is similar in appearance to the barred owl, but has cross-shaped markings on the underparts, whereas the barred owl is alternately barred on the breast and streaked on the belly. A common resident of open habitats including farmland and human habitation, it has adapted to living in cities. It is grayish-brown overall with white spots above while its underparts are white with brown bars.  It can often be located by the small birds that mob it while it is perched in a tree.  The species name brama is from the French name Chouette brame and indirectly refers to this owl's Indian habitat by way of homage to Brahma, the Hindu supreme spirit. The California spotted owl's range overlaps this range in the southern Cascade Range, and extends south through the western Sierra Nevada to Tulare County, with discrete populations in mountainous areas of coastal and southern California from Monterey County to northern Baja California. ), voles (Microtus, Clethrionomys, and Phenocomys spp. A common resident of open habitats including farmland and human habitation, it has adapted to living in cities. Facts about Spotted Owlet/Behaviour, Distribution, Habitat, Size, Weight, IUCN stetus Spotted Owlet Description: The crown, sides of the top , and …  The nest may be lined with leaves and feathers or may use the existing lining from a prior occupant. , The northern spotted owl and Mexican spotted owl subspecies are listed as threatened in the United States under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). They roost in small groups in the hollows of trees or in cavities in rocks or buildings. Often active at dawn and dusk when it utters a loud “chirurr-chirurr-chirurr” laugh in addition to a variety of high-pitched squeals and whistles.  In a battle between two federal agencies, the Bureau of Land Management and the Fish and Wildlife Service, the committee ruled for the exemption of 1700 acres to the ESA, potentially allowing the extinction of the species. , A current experiment sanctioned by the USFWS is investigating the suitability of protecting the spotted owl by controlling its competitor, the barred owl. The underparts are white, streaked with brown. In some portions of its range, much of the spotted owl's diet is composed of several other mammals such as deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus), pocket gophers (Thomomys spp.  Normal clutch size is two eggs, but may reach four on rare occasions.  Courtship behaviour includes bill grasping, allopreening and ritual feeding. 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